Workplace Stress Guidelines
This section provides the most up-to-date guidelines / sharings / regulations on Stress Management
- What is Workplace Stress?
Recent definitions of work-related stress:
“Job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities resources, or needs of the workers. Job stress can lead to poor health and even injury.”
“The emotional, cognitive, behavioral and physiological reaction to aversive and noxious aspects of work, work environments and work organizations. It is a state characterized by high levels of arousal and distress and often by feelings of not coping.”
“Stress is the reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed on them.”
2. Workplace stress = negative phenomenon?
Stress is not necessary a negative phenomenon. A moderate level of stress can be an important motivational factor and can be instrumental in achieving a dynamic adaptation to new situations. Only excesses of stress are pathological. Therefore some stress is normal and necessary, at work and outside it. But if stress is intense, continuous or repeated, if a person is unable to cope, or if support is lacking, stress then becomes a negative phenomenon which can lead to physical illness and psychological disorders. In a work context, it often results in inadequate adaptation to situations and people and failure to perform at an optimal level.
3. The effects on health & factors that may lead to stress:
The effects of stress on health:
Unhealthy levels of stress lead to a variety of disorders and illness:
– a broad band of pathological consequences, ranging from chronic fatigue to depression, and including insomnia, anxiety, migraine, emotional upsets, allergies and abuse of tobacco and alcohol.
– In longer term, stress can contribute to hypertension, and as a consequence to the development of heart and cerebrovascular disease, as well as to peptic ulcers, inflammatory bowel
Factors that may lead to stress:
– The fact of working and living in harsh socio-economic conditions without social support
– A combination of stress-inducing factors at work and outside the workplace (esp. interaction between work and family life)
4. The Cost of Stress
For the individual:
– Devastating impact of the serious health impairments
– Lost of capacity to cope with working and social situations
– Loss of career opportunities
– Greater strain in family relationships and with friends
– Depression or suicide
For the company or organization:
– Higher medical costs
– Higher staff turnover
– Higher cost of recruiting and training new workers
– Reduce productivity and efficiency